List of important psychiatrists

August 5, 2011

Sorunus, Aretaeus and Celsus on phrenitis. mania, melencholia and their empirical treatment with blood letting, catharitics, menaces, torture, whipping and brutal ducking.

Paracelsus on unconscious, epilepsy and mania.

John Weyer on devil and witch.

Felix Plater on insane, he divides the mental diseases into imbecilitas, consternatio, alienatio and defatigatio.

Thomas Sydenham on hysteria, and treatment with phlebotomy, purging, iron preparations, milk diets and horse riding.

Thomas Willis on dementia paralytica and myasthenia gravis. Hysteria is a disease of brain but not uterus.

Robert Burton on The Anatomy of Melencholy.

George Ernst Stahl on animism. He divided mental illness into sympathetic (due to disease of organ) and pathetic (functional with no organ basis).

Giovanni Battista Morgagni on autopsy of mentally ill patients.

Albrecht von Haller, Robert Whytt, Luigi Galvani on nerves.

Pierre Cabanis on physiological psycology, thought is the function of brain.

Erasmus Darwin on Darwin chair to treat mental illness.

Franz Joseph Gall on cerebral localization.

Philippe Pinel on moral treatment and classification of mental disorders. Cause of mental illness is due to heredity, faulty education, irregular way of life, spasmodic passions, oppressive passions and gay passions. He divided mental illness into mania, melancholia, dementia and idiocy. He did statistical investigation of mental illness.

Jean Esquirol on hallucination and delusion.

Jacques Joseph Moreau de Tours on degeneration theory, marijuana and madness.

Benedict Augustin Morel on degeneration theory. Degeneration are deviations from the normal human type, which are transmissible by heredity and which deteriorate progressively towards extinction.

August Hirsch romantic stage of mental illness.

Johann Christian August Heinroth on disease of soul.

Christian Friederich Nasse, Johann Baptist Friedreich, Maximilian Jacobi on somaticism of mental illness.

Carl Friedrich Flemming, Christian Friedrich Wilhelm Roller  and Heinrich Philipp August Damerow on holistic approach of mental illness.

Wilhelm Griesinger as mechanist, he believed in integration of the mentally ill into society, and proposed that short-term hospitalization be combined with close cooperation of natural support systems.

Theodor Meynert on cerebral anatomy, developed theories in regards to correlations between neuroanatomical and mental processes.

Korbinian Brodmann on his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic characteristics.

Hugo Karl Liepmann on apraxia, remembered for his pioneer work involving cerebral localization of function.

Carl Werniche and Paul Broca on aphasia.

Eduard Hitzig on the interaction between electric current and the brain.

Bernhard von Gudden on mapping and describing the paths, connections, origins/termini and neuroanatomical centers of cranial and optic nerve networks.

Carl Friedrich Otto westphal on agoraphobia, homosexual, Westphal-Piltz syndrome, Erb-Westphal symptom and Edinger-Westphal nucleus.

Franz Nissl, Alois Alzheimer, Emil Kraepelin on neuropathological basis of mental illness. Kraepelin is specifically credited with the classification of what was previously considered to be a unitary concept of psychosis, into two distinct forms: manic depression and dementia praecox (schizophrenia).

Eugen Bleuler on schizophrenia.

Ernst Kretschmer developed a differential diagnosis between schizophrenia and manic depression and classification system that can be seen as one of the earliest exponents of a constitutional  approach.

Hermann Rorschach for inkblot test.

Adolf Meyer believed that mental illness results from personality dysfunction, rather than brain pathology. He designated a psychobiological approach to psychiatric patients that embraced researching and noting all biological, psychological, and social factors relevant to a case.

Hans Berger is the first to record human electroencephalograms.

Jean-Martin Charcot, Joseph Babinski, Franz Mesmer, Hippolyte Bernheim, Ambroise-Auguste Liebeault, on hypnosis and hysteria.

Pierre Janet, He was one of the first people to draw a connection between events in the subject’s past life and his or her present day trauma, and coined the words ‘dissociation’ and ‘subconscious’.

Sigmund Freud, Eugen Bleuler, Carl Jung, Sándor Ferenczi, Alfred Adler on psychoanalysis.

Clifford Whittingham Beers is the founder of the American mental hygiene movement.

Ivan Pavlov on reflex research and psychiatric model in dogs.

Julius wagner-Jauregg on treatment of mental disease by inducing a fever.

Jacob Klaesi known for the introduction of the Sleep Treatment.

Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev known for noting the role of the hippocampus in memory, his study of reflexes.

Ludvig Puusepp, Egas Moniz, on introducing the controversial psychosurgical procedure leucotomy.

Kurt Schneider on schizophrenia.

Karl Theodor Jaspers on biographical method, he believed that psychiatrists should diagnose symptoms (particularly of psychosis) by their form rather than by their content.

Aubrey Louis on melancholia and obsessional illness.

Michael Shepherd, on altering the course of psychiatric care in Britain and development of epidemiological psychiatry.

Seymour S. Kety is credited with making modern psychiatry a rigorous and heuristic branch of medicine by applying basic science to the study of human behavior in health and disease.


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